Czech version It is part of a group of chemical elements in the periodic table named the Lanthanides. It is represented by the symbol Yb and it has atomic number 70. Fully descriptive writeups. Ytterbium is found in minerals such as yttria, monazite, gadolinite and xenotime. Monazite also contains thorium and ytrrium which makes handling difficult since thorium and its decomposition products are radioactive. Visualize trends, 3D orbitals, isotopes, and mix compounds. Larger: Sample from the Everest Set. Ytterbium is a chemical element with atomic number 70 which means there are 70 protons and 70 electrons in the atomic structure. The first two are orthophosphate minerals LnPO4 (Ln deonotes a mixture of all the lanthanoids except promethium which is vanishingly rare) and the third is a fluoride carbonate LnCO3F. Named after Ytterby, a village in Sweden. There are seven naturally occurring isotopes of ytterbium exist, 168 Yb, 170 Yb, 171 Yb, 172 Yb, 173 Yb, 174 Yb, and 176 Yb. Ytterbium has a bright silvery lustre, is soft, malleable, and quite ductile. Ytterbium has seven stable isotopes and two of them are used for medical and industrial purposes. Until about 20 years ago, most scientists had not heard of it, other than vaguely noting where it was in the periodic table, under scandium and above lanthanum. Bond strengths; lattice energies of ytterbium halides, hydrides, oxides (where known); and reduction potentials where known. Ytterbium bromide (YbBr 3) Ytterbium chloride (YbCl 2) Ytterbium trichloride (YbCl 3) Ytterbium oxide (Yb 2 O 3) Interesting facts: It was discovered by separating gadolinite into three different materials: yttria, erbia and terbia. References. Yb-168 is used for the production of Yb-169 and this radioisotope is used as a radiation source in gamma cameras. 174 Yb. This sample is from The Elements Collection, an attractive and safely packaged collection of the 92 naturally occurring elements that is available for sale. This silver-colored rare earth element is one of several elements discovered from ores from a quarry in Ytterby, Sweden. Ytterbium metal increases electrical resistivity so it is used to monitor ground deformation from earth quakes and explosions. Ytterbium is element number 70 with an element symbol Yb. In its natural state it is a mixture of seven stable isotopes. The story began with yttrium, discovered in 1794, which was contaminated with other rare-earth elements (aka lanthanoids). Melting point of Ytterbium is 819°C. Through intense scrutiny of a so-called "periodic table" found in any chemistry textbook, a group of scientists has inferred a few key properties of the element Ytterbium. Ytterbium is the most volatile rare-earth metal. Some people might just have known that it was one of 4 chemical elements named after the small Swedish town of Ytterby, along with ytterbium… What is Ytterbium? Ytterbium (Yb), chemical element, a rare-earth metal of the lanthanide series of the periodic table. Periodic Table of Elements Element Ytterbium - Yb. Boiling point of Ytterbium is 1196°C. The lanthanoids are found in nature in a number of minerals. The inside of the "b" is a clock because it has the potential to keep time more accurately than the caesium fountain clock; it is accurate to within a second every 100 million years. The most important are xenotime, monazite, and bastnaesite. Atomic Structure of Ytterbium; Chemical Properties of Ytterbium; Physical Properties of Ytterbium; Regulatory / Health; Who/When/Where/How. It can be found in gadolinite, monazite, and xenotime. It has the atomic number 70. It is a silvery, lustrous, malleable and ductile metal that oxidizes slowly in air and reacts with water. Complete and detailed technical data about the element Ytterbium in the Periodic Table. Isolation: ytterbium metal is available commercially so it is not normally necessary to make it in the laboratory, which is just as well as it is difficult to isolate as the pure metal. While the element is fairly stable, it should be kept in closed containers to protect it from air and moisture. In 1907, Urbain separated ytterbia into two components, which he called neoytterbia and lutecia. With an atomic number of 70, and an atomic mass of 173.04 g/mol, Ytterbium also has common oxidation states of 2+ and 3+. Ytterbium Element: Ytterbium is a penultimate chemical element in the lanthanide series of periodic table. Periodic Table, The periodic table is a chart that shows the chemical elements and their relationship to each other. Ytterbium has 70 protons and electrons in its structure. It is a white silvery, soft, ductile and rare earth metal. Yb-176 can be used as a target for the production of carrier-free Lu-177 with a high specific activity. It has the chemical symbol Yb. Copyright 1993-2020 Mark Winter [ The University of Sheffield and WebElements Ltd, UK]. The atomic number of each element increases by one, reading from left to right. Properties The element's atomic weight is just over 173. The elements in these earths are now known as ytterbium and lutetium, respectively. However, like the other lanthanides, its most common oxidation state is +3, as in its oxide, halides, and other compounds. Nuclides / Isotopes; Potential Parent Nuclides. Ytterbium has a bright silvery luster, is soft, malleable, and quite ductile. Ytterbium atoms have 70 electrons and the shell structure is 2.8.18.32.8.2. Yb-171 in an excited state has been proposed as an optical frequency standard, while the other Yb isotopes are used in various physics experiments. These elements are identical with aldebaranium and cassiopeium, discovered independently and at about the same time by von Welsbach. To find out more, see our, https://www.chemicool.com/elements/ytterbium.html. Yb-169 is also used in the medical field where it has been proposed as an alternative for I-125 and Pd-103 in the treatment of prostate cancer while it is also used for diagnostics in the gastrointestinal tract. For amazing photos and facts about ytterbium, check out The Elements by Theodore Gray. The total number of neutrons in the … For example, sodium requires only 496 kJ/mol or 5.14 eV/atom to ionize it. Reactions of ytterbium as the element with air, water, halogens, acids, and bases where known. Ytterbium is a rare earth element. Ytterbium dust is flammable. Ytterbium has few uses. It is the fourteenth and penultimate element in the lanthanide series, which is the basis of the relative stability of its +2 oxidation state. Ytterbium is a 70. chemical element in the periodic table of elements. Y is the only stable isotope, and the only isotope found in the Earth's crust. It is also found in euxenite and xenotime (phosphate mineral). Ytterbium is readily attacked and dissolved by dilute and concentrated mineral acids and reacts slowly with water. Log in, This site uses cookies to improve your experience. in Newton Desk, Periodic Table Leave a comment 1,847 views 9 70 Yb (Ytterbium) Flashcard of Ytterbium. For many purposes it is not particularly necessary to separate the metals, but if separation into individual metals is required, the process is complex. Ytterbium is soft, malleable and quite ductile element with an appearance of bright silvery luster. Ytterbium is found in … Ytterbium Yb (Element 70) of Periodic Table. Ytterbium is a chemical element with the symbol Yb and atomic number 70. About 31.83% of the ytterbium in nature is 174 Yb. It is used as dopant to improve the grain refinement, strength and other mechanical properties of stainless steel. Comprehensive data on the chemical element Ytterbium is provided on this page; including scores of properties, element names in many languages, most known nuclides of Ytterbium. The periodic table is a graphic way of represent… Atomic Number, The atomic number of an element is equal to the number of protons in the nucleus of its atom. It is common substitute to yttrium minerals. Ytterbium is a silver metal with an atomic number of 70, meaning there are 70 protons in its nucleus. Ytterbium is a soft, malleable and rather ductile element that exhibits a bright silvery luster.A rare earth, the element is easily attacked and dissolved by mineral acids, slowly reacts with water, and oxidizes in air.The oxide forms a protective layer on the surface. It is also used with yttrium in certain steel alloys. It is also the 70th element on the periodic table. WebElements: THE periodic table on the WWW [www.webelements.com] Ytterbium. The most comon lanthanoids in these minerals are, in order, cerium, lanthanum, neodymium, and praseodymium. Isotopes. Lanthanoids with even atomic numbers are more common. The other product is chlorine gas. It can be alloyed with stainless steel to improve some of its mechanical properties and used as a doping agent in fiber optic cable where it can be used as an amplifier. Ytterbium - Protons - Neutrons - Electrons - Electron Configuration. Common chemical compounds are also provided for many elements. You can reference the WebElements periodic table as follows:"WebElements, https://www.webelements.com, accessed December 2020. Binary compounds with halogens (known as halides), oxygen (known as oxides), hydrogen (known as hydrides), and other compounds of ytterbium where known. Because of its closed-shell electron configurati… It has 70 protons and 70 electrons in the atomic structure. In aqueous solution, like compounds of other late lanthanides, soluble ytterbium compounds form complexes with nine water molecules. Ytterbium has no biological role but is said to stimulate the metabolism. The ground state electronic configuration of neutral ytterbium is [Xe].4f 14.6s 2 and the term symbol of ytterbium is 1 S 0.. Ytterbium: description Your user agent does not support the HTML5 Audio element. Interactive periodic table showing names, electrons, and oxidation states. Because of its closed-shell electron configuration, its density and melting and boiling points differ significantly from those of most other lanthanides. The element is named after Ytterby, Sweden. Named after Ytterby, a village in Sweden. On the other hand neon, the noble gas, immediately preceding it in the periodic table, requires 2081 kJ/mol or 21.56 eV/atom. Ytterbium (symbol Yb, atomic number 70) is a naturally formed chemical element known to science since the 1840s. At some point their American distributor sold off the remaining stock to a man who is now selling them on eBay. The main deposits of ytterbium are found in China, United … The Yb is drawn with lines shaped as rays because Ytterbium isotopes are known to emit gamma rays. Ytterbium is readily attacked and dissolved by mineral acids and reacts slowly with water. ... Ytterbium was isolated in 1878 by Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac at the University of Geneva. Ytterbium abundance in earth crust is about 3 mg/kg. It is a soft, malleable silvery metal that will tarnish slightly when stored in air and therefore should be stored in vacuum or in an inert Ytterbium is an element of the periodic table with an atomic number of 70, discovered by Jean de Marignac in the year 1878. Ytterbium Page Two. It can be used to dope phosphorous or for ceramic capacitors. Learn more about the Periodic Video road trip to Ytterby! Yttrium is almost always found in combination with lanthanide elements in rare-earth minerals, and is never found in nature as a free element. Ytterbium is also present in high stability atomic clocks. Ytterbium is mostly separated from its ores through ion exchange and solvent extraction technique otherwise it is very difficult . For all the basics about ytterbium, check out the Visual Elements Periodic Table. A horizontal row in the periodic table. Modern purification techniques for these lanthanoid salt mixtures are ingenious and involve selective complexation techniques, solvent extractions, and ion exchange chromatography. While the element is fairly stable, it should be kept in closed containers to protect it from air and moisture. Pure ytterbium is available through the electrolysis of a mixture of molten YbCl3 and NaCl (or CaCl2) in a graphite cell which acts as cathode using graphite as anode. Up until the early 1990's a company in Russia sold a periodic table collection with element samples. Ytterbium has a melting point of 809 C, and boiling point of 1196 C. The element has a density of 6.9 grams per cubic centimetre. Ytterbium atoms have 70 electrons and the shell structure is 2.8.18.32.8.2. Initially, the metals are extracted as salts from the ores by extraction with sulphuric acid (H2SO4), hydrochloric acid (HCl), and sodium hydroxide (NaOH). Ytterbium - Periodic Table. Yttrium is a chemical element with the symbol Y and atomic number 39. Ytterbium – Melting Point and Boiling Point. Year of discovery: Discoverer: 1878: Jean C. G. de Marignac (1817-1894) show more : Copyright © 1998-2020 Jan Straka All rights reserved. It is a silvery-metallic transition metal chemically similar to the lanthanides and has often been classified as a "rare-earth element". This is largely because of the way it is found in nature. Ytterbium is present along with several rare minerals. The chemical symbol for Ytterbium is Yb. Marignac in 1878 discovered a new component, which he called ytterbia, in the earth then known aserbia. The ground state electronic configuration of neutral ytterbium is [Xe].4f14.6s2 and the term symbol of ytterbium is 1S0. It is not found free in nature. Like most of all the lanthanide elements, it exhibits +3 oxidation state. Ytterbium Properties. ", ground state electronic configuration of neutral ytterbium is. Ytterbium (lll) ion used as doping material in active laser media, solid state lasers and double clad fiber laser. Ytterbium is a chemical element. Ytterbium can be used to convert infra-red light to red and green. Here are interesting facts about element Yb, as well as a summary of key atomic data: It is soft and silver in colour. Ytterbium was discovered by Jean Charles Galinard de Marignac (CH) in 1878. 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