This test measures the force required to embed an 11.28mm (0.444 in) steel ball to half its depth into wood. The best wood for hardwood flooring typically falls above 1000 on the scale. The Janka Hardness Scale The Janka hardness scale, used to determine whether or not a wood species is suitable for flooring, is the primary test measuring wood’s resistance to wear and dentability. The industry standard method for determining the hardness of wood products is called the Janka hardness test. The Janka rating scale is the standard of measurement for determining the hardnessof different wood species. The most trusted wood hardness scale is Janka Hardness Scale. It measures the force required to embed an 11.28 millimetres (0.444 in) diameter steel ball halfway into a sample of wood. The Janka Hardness scale is commonly used in the flooring industry as a way to compare types of hardwood flooring for both practical durability and for the wood’s ability to be nailed, sawn, planed, routed or sanded. Generally speaking, softwoods tend to be softer than their hardwood counterparts. Higher ratings on the Janka hardness chart indicate stronger wood. *The Janka hardness test measures the force required to embed a 0.444 inch steel ball into wood. There may be variations of more or less than 20% on the scale, since this is a scientific test. Sanding is of average difficulty. The Janka Hardness Test was conducted by measuring the amount of force necessary to embed a.444 inch steel ball into side of the wood up to one half of its diameter to determine its hardness rating, which is then recorded on the Janka Hardness Scale. The majority of hardwoods and many softwoods are durable enough to withstand normal flooring use with the proper installation and finishing, no matter what the Janka Scale rating … This method results in an indention 100 square millimeters in size. In Sweden it is … The Janka Hardness Scale starts at 0 and goes through 4000, with 4000 being an extremely hard wood, so hard it is difficult to saw. https://macwoods.com/what-is-a-janka-rating-and-how-important-is-it The Janka scale has become an industry standard for comparing wood flooring. It reflects the force in pounds required to push a small steel ball into the wood. The Janka hardness test (from the Austrian-born emigrant Gabriel Janka, 1864–1932) measures the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. The end result is the Janka hardness rating. The Janka Scale gives a good indication of how well a wood species can be expected to withstand dents and dings. Pressure treated wood is an economical choice in decking choices. If you’re looking for wood that you can use in making durable furniture, you can look for wood with 2000-3000 Janka rating. The Janka hardness test provies a relative scale where the higher the number indicates the harder the wood. Janka Rating: Cumaru’s Janka rating is a towering 3540, just below Ipe’s, and amongst the top five highest ratings available today. If you are determined to use real wood to construct your new deck, take a look at the Janka Scale to help you make that decision. The Janka rating indicates wood strength measured by the force necessary to drive a .444-millimeter steel ball halfway into a plank. Strand woven bamboo and eucalyptus flooring, on average, have Janka ratings upwards of 3,800, which is much higher than traditional wood flooring. Janka Rating: Beech's Janka rating is 1300, making it a solid choice for any use. It is one of the best measures of the ability of a wood species to withstand denting and wear. Pressure treated lumber is typically made from southern pine or douglas fir, and both have Janka ratings in the 600’s. It is not productive to take issue with the exact number, but rather understand the … Although not exact, the scale is a good reference for which hardwood can better withstand denting and wear when compared with another wood species. The higher the number the harder the wood. The Janka Hardness Scale is used to rate the hardness of wood. In determining wood hardness, the Janka Scale observes a variety of factors: Wood hardness can vary with different directions of the wood grain. The Janka rating is a measure of the amount of force required to push a.444" diameter steel ball half way into a piece of wood. Cedar has a Janka rating of 900. Janka Hardness Scale. For example, Mahogany has a Janka Hardness of 800 (lbf), and Brazilian Walnut has a … The Janka scale begins at Zero being the softest option of wood, and ends at 4000 being the highest on the scale. However, there are plenty exceptions to that. The test measures the force required to push a steel ball with a diameter of 11.28 millimeters (0.444 inches) into the wood to a depth of half the ball’s diameter. The Janka Test was developed as a variation of the Brinell hardness test. [1] Woods with a higher rating are harder than woods with a lower rating. Species Characteristics: Cumaru sometimes shows the tendency to dry slowly, although its structural stability is impressive once dried. It's also an indicator of how easy the species is when working with carpenter's tools such as sawing, drilling and nailing. Red Oak, which has a Janka rating of 1260, is the industry benchmark for comparing the relative hardness of different wood species. The Janka hardness test is the hardness level given to each species. A common use of Janka hardness ratings is to determine whether a species is suitable for use as flooring. hardness rating. The rule of thumb when shopping for hardwood flooring is that a Janka Scale score of 1,000 or above is the level of durability one wants in their … Nails are receptively embraced by Beech, but take care not to split this wood when nailing. The Janka Test is a measure of the hardness of wood. Ebony measures 3,220 on the Janka scale; balsa wood measures 100. Hardness is expressed in kilo newtons; the Janka rating is a measure of the wood to resist indentation. JANKA WOOD HARDNESS RATINGS . Ratings are measured by the resistance of a wood sample to denting and general wear and tear. Because of that, the term for this unit of measure is pound-force. When asking questions about woods, it is crucial to bear in mind that a ‘good’ or ‘bad’ Janka rating is only an indication about the wood species. What is the Janka Scale? Among the hardest woods on the Janka chart are Brazilian ebony at 3900 pounds-force and southern chestnut at 3540 pounds-force. Bamboo Flooring Janka Hardness Scale The Janka test is often used to deduce bamboo flooring hardness. The Janka test measures the necessary force to embed a .44″ diameter steel ball halfway into a piece of wood. On this end of the scale, we find the soft woods that are less dense, and easier to scratch and dent. The Janka rating is given in pounds-force (lbf) by measuring how much force is needed to imbed a standard sized steel ball halfway into the wood. The scale measures the force required to embed a .444 inch steel ball to a depth of half the ball’s diameter into the wood. The Janka chart is commonly used in the flooring industry to compare hardwood flooring types. The higher the number, the harder the wood. The Janka hardness test is the industry standard for determining the ability of a particular timber species to withstand denting and wear. Common Red Oak with an average Janka rating of 1290 is the industry benchmark lor comparing the relative hardness of different wood species * Bamboo tested on Morning Star Bamboo brand which uses a more mature bamboo (4 year minimum) The most commonly used test to assess the hardness of wood is the Janka rating scale. HARDWOOD JANKA RATINGS *Red Oak with a Janka rating of 1290 is the industry benchmark for comparing the relative hardness of different wood species. The Janka test measures the force required to … At the hardest end of the scale is Australian Buloke (5060) and at the softest end is Cuipo (22). Although some tests have shown bamboo and eucalyptus to be over 5,000 on the Janka scale, the truth is that Janka hardness ratings can vary from lot to lot (even when produced by the same factory). This is done by testing the floor’s resistance by measuring how much pressure is needed to embed an 11.28 millimetre ballbearing halfway into the boards surface. Janka hardness of a given wood species is defined by a resistance to indentation test as measured by the load (pounds of pressure) required to embed a 11.28mm or 0.444" diameter ball to one-half its diameter into the wood. Red Oak is the reference species for comparing wood hardness. The Janka Hardness Scale starts at zero. The actual number listed in the wood profile is the amount of pounds-force (lb f) or newtons (N) required to imbed a .444″ (11.28 mm) diameter steel ball into the wood to half the ball’s diameter.This number is given for wood that has been dried to … The Janka hardness rating measures wood to rate its suitability for flooring. The scale is determined by the amount of pound-force required to push a .444-inch diameter steel ball halfway into the wood. This test measures the ability of a wood species to withstand denting and wear. Hickory / Pecan, Satinwood 1820 Afzelia / Doussie / Australian Wormy Chestnut 1810 Bangkirai 1798 Rosewood 1780 African Padauk 1725 Blackwood 1720 Merbau 1712 Kempas 1710 Black Locust 1700 Highland Beech … If you purchase hardwoods from a … In the United States, the measurement is in pounds-force. The higher the Janka rating, the more dent and wear resistant a particular wood is. Janka hardness testing. The Janka Hardness Scale is a test used to determine the hardness and density of a hardwood timber and bamboo floor.. Janka Hardwood Scale This scale is the worldwide standard for gauging the ability of various species of wood to endure normal wear and tear. If you are planning to build wooden bridges and ships, you will … Aromatic Cedar & Yellow Pine both qualify as medium density wood species on the Janka scale. This test measures the force required to embed an 11.28 millimeter (0.444 inch) steel ball into wood to half its diameter (0.222 inch). Janka Ratings When in doubt about the type of wood to select for your cabinetry, flooring, furniture or millwork project, refer to the Janka Rating System, which measures the relative hardness of woods. How does the test work? The hardest commercially available domestic hardwood is hickory; it is five times harder than aspen, one of the “soft” hardwoods. Balsa wood, a wood commonly used in crafts, ranks at 100 on the scale, making it the softest wood on many scales. The hardness of a timber is measured by the Janka hardness test. The median rating is approximately 1290, which is the hardness of red oak. The higher the Janka rating / number the greater the hardness. In laymans terms it is a way to measure a woods resistance to denting. This species is also resistant to decay and insect attack. This test is also used to determine the degree of difficulty in sawing and nailing. 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