Birds Foot Trefoil is a Herb. Heavy grazing pressure may be needed in the spring to reduce lush growth and to allow trefoil to better compete in a grass mixture. Careful harvest or grazing management is necessary, but when properly managed, birdsfoot trefoil will persist and will remain productive for several years. Get notified when we have news, courses, or events of interest to you. 0000002197 00000 n Exp. It can reseed itself, is resistant to Phytophthora root rot and numerous alfalfa insects, responds well to fertilization, and does not cause bloat in animals. Lotus corniculatus is a flowering plant in the pea family Fabaceae, native to grasslands in temperate Eurasia and North Africa. Stn. A great choice for covering slopes or trailing over walls. 0000001364 00000 n Newer varieties Fergus, Norcen, and Tretana have production attributes similar to Viking's and tend to persist better under more vigorous harvest management. Leaves and Stem. 0000003594 00000 n For farmers, birdsfoot trefoil uses include: crop for cutting as hay; livestock forage crop; cover crop plant However, for high seed yields, it is desirable to … Birdsfoot trefoil yields less than alfalfa on well-drained, fertile soils but is superior to alfalfa on soils of marginal fertility and production capabilities. The seed pods illustrate the origin of its common name - the resemble a bird's foot. Trefoil establishment in soils with a pH less than 5.6 may result in molybdenum (Mo) deficiencies. 0000003958 00000 n It is much more drought hardy than clover although clover is the next best. The flowers are antispasmodic, cardiotonic and sedative. It is a low-growing clover-like plant with a sprawling growth pattern. However, if trefoil makes up less than 30 percent of the mixture, up to 50 lb N per acre will be needed to meet the grass demand for N and to maximize production. This species is native to Eurasia. Lime should be applied to low-pH soils as recommended by a soil test. Most cultivars are erect and grow to a height of 2 to 3 feet. This characteristic may allow three cuttings per year in some areas of Pennsylvania and New York. H�tT�N�0}�W�c��N����P�.��!JJ)�M�Eگ�;I�]��_fΙɜ�b��Rºa*�BER�*�_��DK�T�)~C,c��4��y�����dޏ�ݼe�����4�a�� W9��\���O�a�O o@I���V �7p�/�oq#�ẃч����0z�)B�M�'$�! Where necessary, these plants have been pinched to encourage strong and bushy growth, so are ready for potting on or planting directly into hanging baskets and containers. RHS Plants for Pollinators plants. Recommended seeding rates to obtain a 50:50 birdsfoot trefoil:grass stand are listed in Table 2. This fascinating little legume is named for the shape of its seedpod which looks like the claw foot of a bird. Therefore, the site in which trefoil is to be grown should have limitations that make alfalfa production difficult. 0000008546 00000 n It accepts poorly drained, droughty, infertile, acid or mildly alkaline soils. Early spring seedings are generally more successful than late summer seedings. Bull. Memoir 261). Small grain companion crops reduce root development, seedling vigor, stand density, and yield of trefoil. However, close, continuous grazing is not recommended because trefoil regrowth depends on energy supplied by top growth. 125 0 obj <> endobj A mass of Birdsfoot Trefoil plants. 0000001190 00000 n Therefore, individual trefoil plants will not survive as long as alfalfa. Description of the plant: x�b```"o)��A��bl,��R�2 Both are valuable agricultural crops. Three clover-like leaflets grow from short stems, with two additional leaflets at the base of each stem. The root is carminative, febrifuge, restorative and tonic. Grass-birdsfoot trefoil mixtures are commonly used to obtain higher yields than are possible with a pure stand of trefoil. endstream endobj 126 0 obj<>/Metadata 22 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 21 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 24 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20060927142239)/PageLabels 19 0 R>> endobj 127 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 128 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 129 0 obj<> endobj 130 0 obj<> endobj 131 0 obj<> endobj 132 0 obj<> endobj 133 0 obj<> endobj 134 0 obj[/ICCBased 147 0 R] endobj 135 0 obj<> endobj 136 0 obj<> endobj 137 0 obj<> endobj 138 0 obj<> endobj 139 0 obj<>stream Distribution. It is included in an evolving list of plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Dawn and Empire are high-yielding Empire types that have performed well in Pennsylvania tests. The stems root at the nodes where they touch the soil. Introduced for agricultural uses, this wildflower is now a common roadside plant in much of the United States. LEARN HOW TO STOP THE INVASIVE SPOTTED LANTERNFLY, Coronavirus: Information and resources for the Extension Community, Download PDF Save For Later Print Purchase Print. If a companion crop is used, it should be seeded in 18-inch row spacings and removed early before competition for light becomes too great and before the companion crop begins to lodge. 0000025053 00000 n Its excellent grazing potential and bloat-free advantages make trefoil ideal for pasture. %PDF-1.4 %���� Common names include common bird's-foot trefoil, eggs and bacon, birdsfoot deervetch, and just bird's-foot trefoil, though the latter name is often also applied to other members of the genus. They have become common in many lawns because they are prolific seed producers and adapt well to mowing and other lawn care practices.White clover (Trifolium repens) is a creeping perennial. Entering your postal code will help us provide news or event updates for your area. How to identify. Birdsfoot trefoil is a perennial that adapts well to production on poorly drained, low-pH soils (Table 1). Bees prefer trefoil to many other flowering plants and tend to congregate in flowering trefoil fields. 0000009453 00000 n For pure seedings of trefoil, chemical weed control is generally necessary because most weeds grow faster and are more competitive than trefoil. 0000000892 00000 n Fertilizer applications at establishment should be based on a soil test. 153 0 obj<>stream In areas of New York and Pennsylvania where alfalfa production is not optimal, trefoil may be a viable alternative in forage production systems. ��L�a\�,�v�GCR@5��+&ͻa�!��L �d� 0000014408 00000 n And, of course, where the flowers bloom the insects follow; bird’s-foot-trefoil is a food plant for nearly 150 species of invertebrates alone. Can be mowed occasionally to keep neat. Root reserves may not be sufficient to initiate regrowth if the trefoil plant is totally defoliated in midsummer when root reserves are low. Common bird's-foot-trefoil is a member of the pea family. Useful groundcover or coarse lawn substitute forms a mat of dark green, clover-like leaves. Bird’s-foot trefoil, (Lotus corniculatus), perennial herbaceous plant of the pea family (Fabaceae). See All Pest, Disease and Weed Identification, See All Beer, Hard Cider, and Distilled Spirits, See All Community Planning and Engagement. Loss of quality with maturity is less pronounced with trefoil than alfalfa (Table 3). (Source: Cornell Univ. Viking, a European-type trefoil, has traditionally been high-yielding when produced for hay in Pennsylvania and New York. Did you know? Plant Names (Nomenclature) Strong, well-rooted and robust young plants measure up to 12cm in height when supplied. Acid or mildly alkaline soils fragipans prone to heaving are not suitable for production! Spreading mound of bright green leaves, massed with small golden-yellow pea flowers in late spring, soils. 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