What started as a religious war between Catholics and Protestants in the Holy Roman Empire turned into a power struggle between the Bourbons and the Hapsburgs, and then into national struggles between the Spanish, French, Austrians, Czechs, Poles, Swedes and Dutch. The Battle of Lens was a French victory under Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé against the Spanish army under Archduke Leopold Wilhelm in the Thirty Years' War. Lens : [Lens Battlefield 1917] Creator Subject World War, 1914-1918, World War, 1914-1918--France Description Sheet number: [36c SW]. The armies drew up, but the Spanish were on high ground and Condé decided not to attack. The Battle of Lens (20 August 1648) was a French victory under Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé against the Spanish army under Archduke Leopold Wilhelm in the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648). This and further attacks on Lens achieved the desired results, even though much of the town was still in German hands. Despite failing to achieve all of its goals, it was a remarkable success for the Canadian Corps. The Destruction of Army Group Center, 1944. The Battle of Lens (20 August 1648) was a French victory under Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé against the Spanish army under Archduke Leopold in the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648). The Battle of Lens (20 August 1648) was a French victory under Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé against the Spanish army under Archduke Leopold in the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648). The Germans were hit even harder, with as many as 25,000 of their soldiers being killed, wounded or taken prisoner during this period. The French guards had to withdraw as quickly as possible to the French second line and the whole of the Spanish infantry advanced towards them, capturing the French artillery. On 18 August, the Spanish had retaken Lens, but two days later the army of Flanders was defeated by the Prince of Conde, losing 8,000-9,000 men. At the beginning of February, Archduke Leopold sent the Spanish army in a surprise attack against Courtrai but due to the awareness and strength of the French garrison the attack failed (Montglat, volume 2, 1826). Fighting from August 15 to 25 cost the Canadians almost 10,000 casualties (killed, wounded and missing). On the other side, the Prince of Conde understood that a retreat in such conditions could lead to a disaster and decided to stop and face the incoming Spanish. The battle, in August 1917, gave the Allied forces a crucial strategic position overlooking the occupied city of Lens. The high casualty rates - 60,000 killed, wounded or captured - produced gloom in Britain and caused the Germans to name the battle 'the corpse field of Loos'. Barbarossa to ‘Berlog’ – Soviet Air Force, Rome Military mid-fourth century to the mid-third century BC, Rommel Recaptures Cyrenaica, January 1942, Russian Weapons, that are currently in service…, A Lesson of History: The Luftwaffe and Barbarossa. When England were drawn against Wales in Group B of EURO 2016 it … Coming back to Ypres, the Archduke tried to save the city but on 28 May the Spanish garrison capitulated. A clear Spanish tactical defeat but the French could not press on, mainly due to the political instability in Paris and lack of men. In the following hours the French captured hundreds of Spanish including a wounded Baron of Beck. On 16 June, Field Marshal Rantzau tried to raid the city of Ostend with a fleet of 50 ships and 3,000 men but the Marquis of Sfondrati was waiting for him and managed to annihilate the French force and to capture Rantzau. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The Allies had five regiments of foot, one medium cannon, one cuirassier regiment (two double squadrons) and four horse regiments (two squadrons each), along with four generals. Battle of Lens 16/8/1917 Third Ypres: more failed attacks. Battle of Arras (April 9-12, 1917). Simply put, some people prefer glasses and don’t see the benefits in contacts. England Football; Football; Gareth Bale; Sport; Summer Throwbacks; Wales Football; Wayne Rooney; by Stephen Cooper - June 16, 2020 June 16, 2020 0. Canadian troops have been making … Still in the centre, the second line had only six infantry battalions with two cavalry squadrons (guards of the Archduke and guards of Fuensaldana) between the lines. The battle was one of the final conflicts of the Thirty Years' War. On the other side the French movement was seen with surprise and the Archduke sent the cavalry of the Count of Ligneville supported by mangas of musketeers or dragoons to harass the French rearguard. Meantime in the centre the French infantry led by the battalions of the Gardes Franfaises and Gardes Suisse launched a massive assault on the Spanish infantry (Bonifaz and Mouroy/Beck). The Battle of Hill 70, 1917 The Canadian Corps captured Hill 70, near Lens, France, during the First World War. It was the last major battle of the war. The nobility rebelled against the leadership of Cardinal Mazarin, known as the Fronde, leading the Spanish to perceive an opportunity to retake Lens and possibly gain ground. Description. In the centre or bataille, in the first line, was a mixture of 10 infantry squadrons and seven cavalry squadrons. Destroyed city of Lens during the Battle of Arras, 1917. On the other side, the two French wings managed to trap a good proportion of Spanish infantry and to overcome the last resistance of the reserve cavalry. The Prince de Condé rushed from Catalonia to Flanders and an army was cobbled together from Champagne, Lorraine as well as Paris. Dust cakes their clothes, … Lens is a fortified city in the historic region of Flanders, today a major city in the Pas-de-Calais department of northern France. 'Battle of Lens' , 28 August 1648. Finally we have up to 38 artillery guns located on the hill near Lens, defended by a reserve of four to seven cavalry squadrons as well as light cavalry squadrons of Croats and free companies of dragoons. Edit: My bad, there is a small town called Lens in Belgium, but it's in Hainaut, which is part of Wallonia, not Flanders (unless one is speaking of ancient Flanders, which was a much wider region). Stamped red on right … The Battle of Loos took place from 25 September – 8 October 1915 in France on the Western Front, during the First World War.It was the biggest British attack of 1915, the first time that the British used poison gas and the first mass engagement of New Army units. I was in the hospital for one week, in convalescence for one week, and in base camp for one week. The Battle of Lens (20 August 1648) was a French victory under Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé against the Spanish army under Archduke Leopold in the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648). On 12 May he had surrounded the city and on the 19th the line of circumvallation was finished. A French commander rides his white horse to victory in the Battle of Lens (1648). In Paris the events started on 15 January when the parliament of Paris refused to sign seven tax edicts to finance the war. The city had been captured by the French in 1647. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. 21-25 August 1917. Heroism Battle of Arras, (9 April–17 May 1917), British offensive on the German defenses around the French city of Arras during World War I. 16/08/2017 06/08/2017 ianmoore3000 1917, Western Front Battle of Lens, Battle of Passchendaele, British army, Canadian army, First World War, Flanders, German Army, Third Battle of Ypres, Ypres. While others discover great convenience from contact lenses or believe they look more attractive in them. It was the war's last major battle. ( Log Out /  Finally, the superior organisation of the French cavalry took the upper hand and the Spanish cavalry started to step back and to abandon the battlefield. To our knowledge, the estimate of Galeazo Gualdo (1651), should be close to the truth and if we take into accounts some deserters Spanish losses could be estimated at up to 6,000 men, most of them infantry, 38 guns and the majority of the baggage. The battle cemented the reputation of Condé Western Lens taken . With such arrangements, the French moved forward to retake their previous positions. What if Eisenhower Had Driven On to Berlin? This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. This information is written on its marble base. This is a desk piece commemorating the Battle of Lens in 1917. Most photographers end up having both zooms and prime lenses as part of their gear. The Spanish army was larger, comprising 18,000 men (also more than half cavalry) and 38 guns. It was the last major battle of the war and a French victory. In truth, there’s no right answer to the question of lens selection in this instance. The left wing was under the command of the Prince de Salms and the Count of Ligneville and was made of a first line of 12 cavalry squadrons and a second line of nine squadrons. Spread the love. All these photo lenses are beautiful pieces of engineering, but it has a "huge" cost. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. By spring 1648, a general discontent was spreading in all classes of the population. The French rearguard was badly defeated and Conde tried to answer with his heavy cavalry but he was also bitten and was obliged to run away behind the French infantry. It was the war's last major battle. During spring and most of summer and despite the effort of Mazarin, the judicial officers of the parliament not only continue to refuse to pay but also condemned all the financial schemes of the monarchy. On the other cavalry wing, the men commanded by the Count of Bucquoy clashed with their enemies, holding their position while exchanging pistol fire and sword thrusts with the French cavalry of Gramont. On 20 August the Spanish Army was in battle order, it was a composite army with units from the multicultural Army of Flanders and the auxiliary Army of Lorraine. Just poke around chat forums and you’ll find loads of questions about the pros and cons of both. The ruins of the Cathedral of Arras, after the battles of April-May 1917. The French began to move in six columns. ( Log Out /  The battle took place along the Western Front on the outskirts of Lens in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France between 15 and 25 August 1917. This first success was encouraging for some Spanish officers, and the Archduke was quickly convinced to move all the army to the previous French position. Attacked on the flank by Erlach and from the front by Conde the cavalry of Ligneville started to give ground step by step and in the end they ran away from the battlefield. Rapidly, soldiers of the Spanish infantry discovered that their flanks were open and that the Spanish cavalry had abandoned them. The Fronde was the last rebellion of the French nobility against the monarchy but at the end it facilitated the emergence of absolutism. In the Low Countries, the Spanish governor had instructions to take the offensive to distract the French from Catalonia. The battle between contact lenses vs. glasses may seem like a new concept. The Battle of Lens, fought on 20 August 1648 in the County of Hainaut between the Spanish Army of Flanders and the French Army of Picardy. Panic started to spread in the Spanish centre and some of the infantry withdrew with the last cavalry squadrons present on the battlefield. Despite the bad weather, the British are continuing with their offensive in Flanders. The rebellion of the parliament of Paris called la fronde parlementaire (1648- 1649) was followed by the rebellion of the nobility (1650- 1653). It is probable that the right of the bataille was commanded by the Count of Fuensaldana, the left by the Baron of Beck and the Archduke was in the middle. The situation in the French kingdom was not as good as it seemed. Home > England Football > SUMMER THROWBACK – THE BATTLE OF LENS. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. So in the battle of prime vs zoom lens, which is best? The soldiers on the left are scanning the sky for aircraft, while the soldier in the centre appears to be re-packing his gas respirator into the carrying pouch on his chest. In June, the Spanish conducted some operations in Artois and even in France. It was noteworthy for the swift and spectacular gains made by the British in the opening phase—above all, the capture of Vimy Ridge, considered virtually impregnable, by the Canadian Corps—but it ended as a costly stalemate resulting in … The First World War was a particularly bloody conflict and even relatively successful battles took a devastating toll. On the other side, French losses were estimated at 600 men excluding officers (Galeazo Gualdo, 1651). battle: Part of: Thirty Years' War: Location: Lens, canton of Lens-Est, arrondissement of Lens, Pas-de-Calais, Hauts-de-France, Metropolitan France, France : Point in time: 20 August 1648: 50° 25′ 48″ N, 2° 49′ 48″ E Thus, the Count of Ligneville halted his attacks and as quickly as possible the French commander reorganised his army'” with 17 cavalry squadrons45 on the right under his command, the infantry in the centre commanded by the Gaspard of Coligny on the left, 16 squadrons47 of cavalry under the command of Field Marshal Gramont and a reserve of five squadrons commanded by Colonel Erlach. Hill 70 (Lens) 15-25 August: A view of shells bursting in the outskirts of Lens. Lens is a fortified city in the historic region of Flanders, today a major city in the Pas-de-Calais department of northern France. The French Tenth Army, led by Louis Maud'huy, attacked the advancing German forces on 1 October, initially experiencing success until they … The Battle of Loos (25 September-8 October 1915) was a largely unsuccessful British offensive against German lines north-west of Lens. As with many other debates, it’s all about what’s better for you. The Battle of Arras (also known as the First Battle of Arras), which began on 1 October 1914, was an attempt by the French Army to outflank the German Army to prevent its movement towards the English Channel during the Race to the Sea.. (BSLOC_2013_1_141) Undated photograph of Private Frank King who is to be buried with full military honours at the cemetery near the French town of Arras today (Wednesday), more than … Change ). Edition number: 5. ( Log Out /  Seeing a well-ordinanced force on a hill, the Prince of Conde decided to avoid a futile blind attack and fall back to find supplies in La Bassee. As at Rocroi, the better organisation of the French cavalry coupled with a better coordination between the different French units had won the day for Conde. The battle for Lens Following the taking of Hill 70 the Canadian Corps had beaten off all German efforts to recapture it. The total force is given as 18,000 men with 38 artillery guns. I was also mentioned in dispatches. The Battle of Lens (20 August 1648) was a French victory under Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé against the Spanish army under Archduke Leopold in the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648). blue. Jean Pierre Franque (1774-1802) French historical painter, Galerie des Batailles, Versailles. The Tamron 70-180mm is a more rudimentary lens, but it goes to the essentials where it should be: bright, fast, precise, an aesthetic image rendering, very light and easy to store in a bag and an affordable price. A clear Spanish tactical defeat but the French could not press on, mainly due to the political instability in Paris and lack of men. On 9 August the Archduke captured the city of Furnes after a siege of 10 days. The Suomen Ilmavoimat (Finnish Air Force). This article refers to the wrong Lens Yes, there is a Lens in Hainaut, but the battle was fought near Lens in the Pas-de-Calais. The Battle of Lens, fought on 20 August 1648 in the County of Hainaut between the Spanish Army of Flanders and the French Army of Picardy. Following Canovas del Castillo (Volume 2, 1888), when the first fighting started on the Spanish left the Spanish army had not finished its deployment, the cavalry was in place but some of the infantry was just arriving on the battlefield and the reserve squadrons were still on the hill in their original position. With the victory of the Prince of Conde in hand, Mazarin decided to arrest the leaders of the parliament, but the feeling of the common people of Paris was against him and on 27 August, during “la journee des barricades” the people of Paris erupted in open rebellion. The Lens battle was the most exciting day of my life because four times I escaped death by a hair's breadth. The news from Paris was not good at all for the monarchy and the Prince of Conde was recalled to re-establish civil order. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The Spanish were deployed with a right wing of cavalry commanded by the Count of Bucquoy and the Prince de Ligne. On the other side, the Spanish commander decided to abandon Ypres and rapidly moved to again attack Courtrai. Then I was sent back up the line again. The French army was 16,000 men (more than half were cavalry) and 18 guns. SUMMER THROWBACK – THE BATTLE OF LENS. 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